Karl Pavlovich Briullov, called by his friends "the great Karl" is the first Russian artist of world stature. He is recognized as a key figure in the transition from neoclassicism to romanticism in Russia.
Russian painter - born in 1799 - Died in 1852 - Birth St. Petersburg - orientalist painter - Orientalism
Self Portrait (1848).
Karl Pavlovich Briullov (Russian: Карл Павлович Брюллов; ISO 9: Karl Pavlovič Brullov), named by his friends "the great Karl" (December 12, 1799, St. Petersburg - June 11, 1852, Rome), is the first Russian painter global stature. He is recognized as a key figure in the transition from neoclassicism to romanticism in Russia.
Born of French parents in St. Petersburg, Carlo Brulleau (spelling of his name until 1822) was attracted by Italy since childhood. Despite his education at the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts (1809-1821), Briullov never really embraced the classical style taught by his teachers and promoted by his brother Alexander Briullov. After distinguishing himself as a promising and imaginative student, he left Russia to travel to Rome where he worked until 1835 as a portraitist and genre painter. He gained some fame when he began to historical painting.
The last day of Pompeii
Karl Bryullov's most famous painting, The Last Day of Pompeii (1830-1833), is a vast composition compared by Pushkin and Gogol to the best works of Rubens and Van Dyck. It created a sensation in Italy and contributed to the growing reputation of Briullov. After finishing this painting, he made a triumphant return to the Russian capital, where he became the friend of many members of the aristocracy of the intellectual elite. He obtained a post at the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts.
Teaching at the academy, (1836-1848) he developed a portrait style which combined neoclassical simplicity with a romantic tendency. His health deteriorated suddenly while working on the ceiling of St. Isaac's Cathedral. On the advice of his doctors, Briullov left Russia for Madeira in 1849 and spent his last three years in Italy. He is buried in the Protestant cemetery in Rome.